Medium Density Fibreboard
MDF is a high-grade composite material made from recycled wood fibers and resin. It’s CNC-milled under high pressure, often in one-piece frames with the center cut out for the recessed panel. The dense and heavy product is nearly synonymous with IKEA cabinetry, as, over the years, the Scandinavian company has cornered the world supply for their various kitchen collections. MDF attracts consumers because of its resistance to cracking and peeling — meaning it’s super easy to paint over. Plus, MDF is smoother than plywood.
- Stability. MDF is stable; it won’t crack or warp
- Resistant to environmental changes. Stands up to humidity better than solid wood
- Free of wood blemishes. No knots or wood grain patterns
- “Green”. Because MDF is made from recycled material, it’s considered “green”.
- Finishes smooth. Because there is no wood grain, MDF finishes smooth when painted
- Value. Cheaper than solid wood
- Durable. Will last as long as wood
- Versatility. Beyond door panels, MDF doors are available in more than basic Shaker-style doors. It’s possible to get doors with applied moldings and elaborate, two-step edge profiles
- Large panel sizes. Available in panel sizes larger than those available for solid wood. These large sheets can be milled into bead board panels or wainscot panelling. In the past, wood was the only panel material, but now MDF is a great alternative.
Many manufacturers gravitate toward producing plywood cabinets not only because it’s a relatively low-cost material, but also because it’s said to have a higher resistance to moisture and greater stability than MDF. Each board that makes up plywood cabinetry is layered like a sandwich, with thin wood piles glued on top of one another. An exposed plastic laminate, wood veneer or thermo foil coats the outside for added protection.
- Made from multiple layers of wood veneer, plywood is a very strong material to work with.
- It won’t soak up water and liquids as quickly or easily as MDF does so it’s less susceptible to water damage.
- Because it carries a grain, plywood is stainable. Which makes it perfect for kitchen cabinets, table tops and other projects where you want a large stained wood surface.
- It holds screws very tightly since the varying grains of wood on each layer give the screws something to hold onto.
Different quality of plywood
BWR plywood or boiling water-resistant plywood, as the name suggests, is highly water-resistant plywood. It is completely waterproof and is widely used to make furniture for home, office as well as outdoors. BWR plywood is made from phenolic resins.
The important features of BWR plywood are listed below.
- As an exterior plywood grade, BWR plywood can be used indoors, outdoors and semi-outdoor purposes with humid conditions.
- BWR plywood’s waterproofing characteristics come from A grade phenolic resins or phenol formaldehyde adhesive used in its manufacturing.
- It can resist water better than the Interior grade MR or moisture-resistant plywood. So, it is generally used for meeting those furniture requirements in the home, where the plywood may be exposed to water, such as kitchen cabinets and kitchen furniture.
- BWR plywood is warp free and has super strong bonding and zero surface core gaps.
- The core layer is treated with various toxicant chemicals using VPI technology that makes BWR a termite proof plywood.
- The Indian Standards specification number for BWR plywood is IS:303.
As the name suggests, it is a fire-resisting non-leachable plywood from the house of Century Ply that saves you and your belongings in case of fire accident! Firewall plywood, due to its less flammability, low rate of burning, and delayed flame penetration time, provides ‘safety’ and ‘security’ by delaying the fire to spread. Mainly, firewall ply is used for both interior and exterior applications, like kitchens, food stalls, hospitals, offices, exhibition stalls, auditoriums, ship interiors, container construction, etc.
MR Grade or Commercial Plywood
MR grade plywood stands for moisture resistant grade. However, this plywood is not waterproof, but uses a waterproof glue which makes it work just fine in wet and damp conditions. Waterproof plywood doesn’t allow the board to delaminate and hence can be used in spaces like kitchen.
1. Good uniform strength - Plywood is a strong material, especially if it’s made from strong woods (hardwoods) instead of the weaker woods (softwoods). It is quite easy to tear.
2. Can be used for making interior home furniture as well as exterior furniture. Plywood is available in different grades such as MR grade (moisture resistant) for interior use, and BWR grade (boiling water resistant) for exterior use. So furniture that is likely to get wet, such as that in the kitchen or the garden can be made from BWR Water-proof grade plywood, while elsewhere such as in the living room or bedroom, the cheaper MR grade plywood can be used.
3. Available in large sizes compared to solid wood Its very easy to get a nice looking uniformly thick 18 mm plywood sheet of size 8'x4' (8 feet x 4 feet) from the market, but quite impractical to get solid flat wood of such a size (which tree could be cut and how?).
4. Economical use of wood by mixing various woods together Some woods are prized for their beauty (teak, oak etc.) but are also costly. The veneers of such woods can be used to form the surface layer of the plywood, while the inner layers could be composed of other strong but cheaper woods.
5. Available in varieties such as flexible plywood. Several interesting varieties have now come up in plywood. One of them is flexible plywood. It can be rolled up or bent to form curved surfaces and allows for more applications in furniture and home decor.
BWP Grade or Waterproof Plywood
BWP grade plywood stands for boiling water proof plywood, which is known to be completely water resistant. As this board can withstand prolonged exposure to water, BWP plywood becomes an obvious choice when you are looking for a suitable plywood for your kitchen. Similarly, Marine Grade Plywood is also one of the prime plywood choices, which is being used in both indoor and outdoor spaces. This plywood board is popular among consumers for its superior performance in wet and damp conditions
The important features of the plywood can be summed up as follows.
- BWP plywood is specially treated so that it could withstand a high-moisture environment.
- Through specific stress-relieving treatment, the plywood gets its anti-warp properties, which makes it dimensionally stable in both dry and wet conditions throughout its life.
- It is chemically treated with selected preservatives to seal it off from termites and pests.
- Its high resistance to boiling water, moisture, dry heat and rough weather and climatic conditions, makes it perfect to be used in boat and ship building.
HDHMR board has a multi-dimensional bond with single layer glue architecture, hence it provide higher moisture resistance compared to normal plywood. Where normal plywood catches moisture and there layers start to peel off, HDHMR board will not losses its strength.
Unlike block board, HDHMR boards are made with fibre chips and come with pre paint/polish surface. This feature helps them in veneer pasting along with smooth finish and glossy shine. The high gloss is again protested by water resistant feature. HDHMR board is developed using homogeneously method, which add benefits of carved, mould and routed during the construction process. Because of the multidimensional bond the HDHMR boards comes with higher screw strength, sometime close to 10 times more than usual block board and plywood. Also when talking about the cost effectiveness, HDHMR take over on other wooden boards.
Wood is the most usually utilized material for Indian kitchen cupboards. It is mainstream as it is an inexhaustible asset and is common and non-dangerous, in contrast to a portion of alternate materials. In India, teak and rosewood are normal decisions for kitchen cupboards. Once introduced, they can be recolored or varnished in the coveted shade. They convey a beautiful normal look to the kitchen because of the surfaces and grains on the surface of the wood and are ideal for any kitchen style, regardless of whether it’s an advanced or a nation style kitchen. Cleaning the surface of the wood cupboards is moderately simple and the complete can keep going for quite a long time insofar as brutal substance arrangements are not used to clean them.
In modern kitchens, stainless steel and aluminium are other materials that are used for the cabinets. Stainless steel is the preferred material in professional kitchens as it is easy to maintain and clean. Similarly, aluminium kitchen cabinet can be extremely durable and strong. They both come in a variety of finishes with etching, decorative patterns and brushing. Once treated, metal cabinets can last for many years as they are resistant to rust and stains. They are easy to scrub down without damaging the surface, making them ideal as modular kitchen cabinets in Indian homes. Additionally, unlike other materials, they aren’t affected by heat or humidity.
Aluminium Composite Panel (ACP)
The Aluminium Composite Panel (ACP) are made up of aluminium composite materials (ACM) that are typically flat panels, which consists of two thin coil-coated aluminium sheets that are bonded to a strong non-aluminium core. ACPs have found their utility in external cladding and facades besides for insulation and signage. They are available in several colours, shades, textures, and finishes like sand, wood, stone and many more. They can be easily turned, bent, folded and shaped into different forms as per the utility and design without any constraint. Their flexibility to shape and develop, made them the first choice of all the architects, carpenters and the interior designers to use them in the entire kitchen. As it provides better designing liberty, it has become a perfect designer’s delight.
PVC or Poly-Vinyl Chloride sheets:
These sheets are made of plastic composite and are to a great degree solid. They have the upside of being waterproof and oil-confirmation, settling on them a mainstream decision for kitchen cupboards. Plastic kitchen cupboards are likewise modest and simple to introduce as they don’t should be settled on a substrate. They are normally accessible in light shades, and some even arrive in an artificial wood wrap up. Plastic cupboards are moderately upkeep free, termite-verification and don’t get eroded.
In any case, the hindrance of utilizing PVC sheet for kitchen cupboards is that they are not fireproof. After some time, these cupboards turned out to be yellow or blurred. In view of the gentility of the material, just plastic pivots, joints and handles can be utilized to settle these cupboards, and these pivots and joints get free after some time and should be supplanted.
Particle board is made by compressing wood chips with glue. In flat-pressed particle board, the chips are mainly parallel to the surface. The chips in the surface layer are thinner than those in the middle layer, so the surface of the particle board is denser and more compact than the middle.
In standard particle board, urea formaldehyde is mainly used as glue. The amount of glue in a particle board is 10%, and many coated board products are classified in surface material emissions class M1. Material classification includes the limit values for the emissions of building materials meant for interiors, as well as their classification. Class M1 contains emissions-tested materials, whose emissions of impurities are within the most stringent requirements.
In terms of its basic properties, particle board is comparable to wood. It also has the following benefits, owing to its method of manufacture:
- No grain direction
- Particle board is homogeneous and has the same degree of strength in different directions.
- The dynamics of the board in the direction of the plane surface is slight.
It is advisable to use particle board lining in dry interior premises that have heating. As a wood-based material, the equilibrium moisture content of particle board changes as the relative humidity in the surrounding air changes, which causes the board to ‘live’ in the direction of its surface, to a certain extent. This must be borne in mind in the design of wall structures and the installation of boards.
Particle board walls or ceilings that require painting should be made with visible exposed joints. A suitable joint width is 3-5 mm. The V-groove joint that forms on tongued and grooved boards does not require other measures. In the corners of rooms, however, an exposed joint of 3-5 mm must also then be left.